Do Adults with ADHD Need Medication?

by | Dec 15, 2022 | Blog

There is a lot of debate surrounding the use of medication for adults with ADHD. Some people believe that medication is always necessary, while others maintain that it should only be used as a last resort. So, do adults with ADHD need to take medication? The answer to this question is not black and white- it depends on the individual case. In this article, we will explore both sides of the argument and help you decide what is best for you or your loved one.

It is important to understand that there is no cure for ADHD, only treatments to minimize the impact of the symptoms and improve the individual’s ability to manage or compensate. There are two primary routes of treatment psychosocial interventions and pharmacotherapy (medications).

What does ADHD medication do?

Medication can help with the symptoms of ADHD by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain. These hormones are responsible for regulating attention, focus, and impulsivity- all of which are impaired by ADHD. Medication can also improve functioning in school or work, reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity, improve sleep patterns, and decrease distractibility.

Common ADHD Medications

There are several different types of medications used to treat ADHD in adults. Stimulants, such as Adderall or Ritalin, are the most commonly prescribed drugs. Non-stimulants, such as Intuniv and Strattera, are also available. Each medication has its own set of potential side effects and potential benefits:

  • Adderall: Adderall is a stimulant medication that helps to increase focus and reduce impulsivity. Common side effects include insomnia, dry mouth, loss of appetite, weight loss, and irritability.
  • Ritalin: Ritalin is another stimulant medication that can help with concentration and focus. It can also cause side effects such as insomnia, loss of appetite, headaches, and anxiety.
  • Intuniv: Intuniv is a non-stimulant medication that can help reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity. Side effects include drowsiness, upset stomach, dizziness, and fatigue.
  • Strattera: Strattera is also a non-stimulant medication that can help improve overall functioning. Side effects include constipation, nausea, and depression.
  • Wellbutrin: Wellbutrin is an antidepressant that is commonly prescribed as an off-label treatment for ADHD and may help to improve ADHD symptoms, including impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention.

Pros of Taking ADHD Medication:

When it comes to managing the symptoms of ADHD, medication can be a powerful tool. It can help adults with ADHD increase their focus and concentration so they can do better in school or work, manage distractibility and impulsivity more easily, and improve overall functioning in everyday life. For some adults, taking medication is the only way to get the help they need to lead a successful life.

Cons of Taking ADHD Medication:

Though medication can be beneficial for many adults with ADHD, there are some drawbacks as well. Long-term use of medications such as Adderall and Ritalin can result in addiction, anxiety, and depression. In some cases, ADHD medications can even worsen the symptoms of ADHD. Additionally, taking medication for an extended period of time can lead to decreased motivation and creativity.

Is it possible to manage ADHD without medication?

While medication can be an effective treatment for adults with ADHD, there are non-medicinal options that may provide some relief. These treatment modalities are often referred to as psychosocial interventions and are an important part of an ADHD treatment plan. Common methods and tools include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT can help an adult with ADHD learn to manage their symptoms by identifying and changing thought patterns that lead to negative behavior. These skill-based therapies can help reduce distractibility and improve organizational skills.
  • Structure and Organization: Having a set daily routine and structuring tasks in order of priority can help adults with ADHD stay focused and on task.
  • Balanced Expectations: Often our unrealistic expectations of ourselves and our performance exasperate the issues related to our mental health. Create balance in your work day to promote your mental health as a priority.
  • Exercise: Exercise has been shown to improve concentration and focus in adults with ADHD.
  • Better sleep: Poor sleep can worsen the symptoms of ADHD, so it is important to get enough restful sleep each night.
  • Diet: Eating a healthy diet with plenty of lean proteins, fruits and vegetables, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids can help improve concentration and alertness in adults with ADHD.

These lifestyle modifications and tools can drastically impact your baseline ideally implemented improving. You may still require medications to relieve and support your treatment goals. Working with a mental health professional is essential to determine each individual’s best course of action.



ADHD is a complex condition that requires careful evaluation and treatment. While there are risks associated with taking medication, it may be the only way to properly manage symptoms in some adults. It is important to do research and talk to a doctor before starting any new medications, and to consider all of the options available. By working with a doctor and exploring both medicinal and non-medicinal treatments for ADHD, adults can find the best way to manage their symptoms and live successful lives.

BestMind Can Help

BestMind Behavioral Health is dedicated to providing affordable, best-in-class behavioral and mental health treatment. Our providers offer medication and alternative therapies to treat ADHD, as well as Depression, PTSD, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety, and OCD. We work with licensed psychiatrists, certified physician assistants, and advanced registered nurse practitioners to deliver the best care for your state of mind. We prioritize safe prescribing practices to best support our patients’ care and treatment outcomes.

If you or someone you know is struggling with ADHD or another mental health condition, please reach out to BestMind Behavioral Health. We would be happy to discuss our treatment options with you and help you find the care that you need.